For each Enneagram form of try line of along with its very own type of pros, center philosophy, limits, and you will method to relationships (Sutton 2012)

Cook-Greuter (1994) categorized this new 9 distinctive line of grade away from Loevinger’s model on the around three hierarchical categories: preconventional, antique, and you can postconventional accounts (discover Desk step 1). The brand new preconventional grade is estimated to help you create 10% of your adult population consequently they are called Symbiotic, Stage step one; Spontaneous, Stage 2; and Mind-defensive, Phase 3. This type of values are common when you look at the teens, however, if maybe not evolved beyond, is in the psychopathology for the adulthood (Pfaffenberger and you may ). The typical levels, estimated in order to create from the 80% of population, try also known as Conformist, Phase 4; Self-Alert, Phase 5; and Thorough, Phase 6. This type of account represent a shift normally taking place once decades 12 when anyone will get capable of ingesting another’s angle and expands a clearly separated name and mind-contains included system (Akrivou 2008). The postconventional degree is actually estimated so you’re able to compensate regarding be2 the 10% of one’s Us population and so are also known as Individualistic, Phase seven; Autonomous, Stage 8; and create-aware, Stage nine. Into the postconventional amounts, the individual provides greater differentiation of mind and you will reveals higher emotional consolidation, self-actualization, insights, and you will usage of instinct (Cook-Greuter 2000). Centered on Cook-Greuter (1999) discover a 10th stage away from advancement, Unitive, in which someone can also be sustain an ongoing visibility to experience in which transpersonal enjoy try incorporated into a liquid county to be.

New Enneagram and Ego Development

Loevinger’s (1976) pride development model provides a helpful construction having computing ego innovation regarding the Enneagram program. Developmental trajectories are next available for each Enneagram sorts of to follow to have higher levels of pride development. This new changes for the worldview toward highest degrees of development in brand new Enneagram is actually consistent with the conclusion out-of highest developmental profile within Loevinger’s model (Boring 2010; Loevinger 1976; Cook-Greuter 2002; Maslow 1964). Highest profile are marked because of the increased feeling, sympathy, and less character that have pride (Cook-Greuter 2002; Jaxon-Bear 2012; Loevinger 1976). Literary works demonstrates that mental health and you can ego invention is actually interrelated, having confident correlations between invention and you can dispositional optimism and notice-respect, and you will bad correlations that have affective worry, despair, and you may anxiety (Blumentritt 2011; King mais aussi al. 2000; Noam mais aussi al. 2006). Ultimately, advancement results in notice-actualization and you may care about-transcendence/unity while the demonstrated in the frameworks of both Loevinger (1976) and you can Maslow (1976).

The fresh Enneagram regarding 9 Systems

The fresh Enneagram is a character system regarding 9 collection of form of-certain routes having innovation across the lifetime (Bland 2010; Daniels and you may Rate 2009; Sutton 2012). Of many researchers keeps emphasized the fresh Enneagram human body’s parallels to that particular off other modern-day psychological theories such as for instance humanistic, psychodynamic, ental psychologies as well as the field of neuroscience (Beesing mais aussi al. 1984; Daniels and you will Price 2009; Naranjo 1990, 1994; Palmer 1988, 1995; Riso and you may Hudson 1999, 2005; Siegel 2004, 2010; Tolk 2006; Wagner 2008). Most books and you will stuff exploring the application of new Enneagram program are located in the realm of personal development and growth. More recently, the newest Enneagram is continuing to grow for the section of organizational innovation. From the really works means it’s been used while the a tool having team building and you may facilitating so much more unified organizations (Mundane 2010; Colina 1998; Kale and Shrivastava 2003; Ormond 2007).

Due to the fact a comprehensive character program, the newest Enneagram models represent nine practical designs (Dining table dos). Into the Enneagram system such interwoven designs is described with regards to of your own type’s type of perceptual filters you to form the basic Proposition (Daniels and you may Rate 2009). The essential Offer is short for the brand new intersection out of: (a) center opinions; (b) transformative strategies; (c) activities regarding attention; and you will (d) riding emotions. From inside the growth of each kind, an entire selection of person prospective can be carried out through the span of a lifetime (Bland 2010).